• Members of the same species have similar or exact genes to one another. As a result, they share both physical and biochemical properties
  • These specific traits to the species enable members to distinguish themselves from different species
  • This extends to behaviour, where members of the same species have similar behavioural traits to other members.
  • Each individual has adaptations that help to ensure that their DNA is passed onto he next generation
  • The females of the species only produce eggs at specific time, often just once a year. It is therefore essential that successful maternity occurs to ensure the alleles can be passed on
  • Courtship is behaviour helps to achieve this by enabling individuals to:
  • Recognise members of their own species (to produce fertile offspring)
  • Identify a mate that is capable of breeding (fertile, sexually mature and receptive to mating)
  • Form a pair bond
  • Synchronise mating (sexual activity occurs when the female is fertile)
  • Being able to breed