Bonding

Dative Covalent Bonds (Co-ordinate Bonding)

In a standard covalent bond there are a pair of electrons shared between two atoms where each atom donates one ...
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Metallic

Metallic bonding is the bonding of metal atom to another metal atom Unless a non-metal atom is present, a metal ...
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Covalent

Covalent forms between pairs of non-metal atoms Non-metal atoms need to receive electrons to fill the spaces in their outer ...
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Ionic

Ionic bonding is the bonding of ions that are held together through electrostatic attraction Ionic bonding occurs between metals and ...
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Shapes of Molecules

Determining the Shapes of molecules: The shape of the molecule can be found using the VSEPR model: e.g. CH3- Determine ...
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Permanent Dipole-Dipole

A molecule with a permanent dipole will have a weak electrostatic force of attraction between the δ+ and>δ- charges on ...
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Van der Waals

Van Der Waals is the weakest of all the intermolecular forces All atoms and molecules have a positive and a ...
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Polarity

Polarity is the unequal sharing of electrons between 2 atoms which are covalently bonded together Non-Polar Non-polar molecules are ones ...
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