6.1.5 – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy


CBT focuses on how our thoughts shape our behaviours and outlook on the world.

It uses this to try to change our thought processes and therefore improve our interpretation of our knowledge.

It usually involved an average of 8 sessions with a psychiatrist.


(+) Wilson et al (2005) – Meta analysis –> Reduces recidivism by up to 30%.

(+) Pearson et al (2002) –> More effective than alternatives.

(-) Does not work immediately.

(-) Requires the patient to be motivated and to be open to the psyhchiatrist.